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Egypt, at the northeast corner of Africa on the Mediterranean Sea, is bordered on the west by Libya, on the south by the Sudan, and on the east by the Red Sea and Israel. It is nearly one and one-half times the size of Texas. Egypt is divided into two unequal, extremely arid regions by the landscape's dominant feature, the northward-flowing Nile River. The Nile starts 100 mi (161 km) south of the Mediterranean and fans out to a sea front of 155 mi between the cities of Alexandria and Port Said.

Geography

Geographic coordinates 27 00 N, 30 00 E

Area:

Land

995,450 sq km

Water

6,000 sq km

Total

1,001,450 sq km

 

Land boundaries:

Gaza strip

11 km

Israel

266 km

Libya

1,115 km

Sudan

1,273 km

 

Climate: desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters

Terrain: vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Qattara Depression -133 m
highest point: Mount Catherine 2,629 m

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc

Population (2004 est.): 76,117,421 (growth rate: 1.8%); birth rate: 23.8/1000; infant mortality rate: 33.9/1000; life expectancy: 70.7; density per sq mi: 197
Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Cairo, 15,892,400 (metro. area), 7,937,700 (city proper) Other large cities: Alexandria, 3,891,000; Giza, 2,597,600 (part of Cairo metro. area); Shubra el Khema, 1,018,000 (part of Cairo metro. area); El Mahalla el Kubra, 462,300
Monetary unit: Egyptian pound
Language: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes

 

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